|Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp.
||1796-97, rev.1802, 1809
||1797-03-13 in Paris, Théâtre Feydeau.
||François-Benoît Hoffmann (1760-1828)
||French (+ translations; Italian, German)
||Etienne Nicolas Méhul
|Composer Time PeriodComp. Period
||Vocal soloists, Chorus, Orchestra
Libretto (French, original version)
Libretto (Italian translation of Lachner version)
||The 1802 revival in Vienna was in Italian. The 1809 version (also in Vienna in Italian) was abridged, with approx. 500 bars omitted. In 1855, a German translation of the 1809 version was produced in Frankfurt, with new recitatives composed by Franz Paul Lachner.