Les Troyens, H 133 (Berlioz, Hector)

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Full Scores

Complete, H 133 A

 Act I (EU)
#108953 - 13.80MB, 196 pp. -  6.8/10 2 4 6 8 10 (21- C*/65*/V* - 3645x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/13)

 Act II (EU)
#108954 - 6.52MB, 92 pp. -  9.6/10 2 4 6 8 10 (5- C*/65*/V* - 1577x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/13)

 Act III (EU)
#108955 - 10.32MB, 148 pp. -  10.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (3- C*/65*/V* - 1465x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/13)

 Act IV (EU)
#108956 - 10.06MB, 148 pp. -  10.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (3- C*/65*/V* - 1962x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/13)

 Act V (EU)
#108957 - 10.63MB, 161 pp. -  7.5/10 2 4 6 8 10 (4- C*/65*/V* - 1768x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/13)

Editor:

Hugh Macdonald (1940*)

Publisher Info.:

Hector Berlioz: New Edition of the Complete Works, vol.2a–b (pp.7-751).
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1969. Plate BA 5442/I–II (issued 1969)

URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
Please obey the copyright laws of your country. IMSLP does not assume any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country.

Copyright:

Public Domain - Non-PD US [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

600 dpi

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“Part I” – La prise de Troie

 Complete Orchestral Score
#64920 - 13.01MB, 264 pp. -  9.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (6- V/V/V - 2016x

PDF scanned by Unknown
Daphnis (2010/5/24)

PMLP27866-Berlioz - Les Troyens - Part I - La prise de Troie (orch. score).pdf
Editor:

First edition

Publisher Info.:

Paris: Choudens, n.d.[1899]. Plate A.C. 11,222

Reprinted:

New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d. (ca.1970). Catalog 515.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Bookmarked by Act.
Note: The original Act I is here split into “Acts I and II”; the two tableaux of Act II now comprise “Act III”.
To accomodate the break in the middle of Act I, the last four bars of page 80 are altered into a final cadence, and the following Hymne troyenne has a new introduction grafted onto the front finishing at figure A on page 82.
The Hymne troyenne and Combat de ceste (pp.81–105) are an interpolation of previously typeset score by Choudens ca.1885; the majority of the typesetting appears to be the work of Breitkopf.

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“Part II” – Les Troyens à Carthage

 Complete Orchestral Score
#64989 - 14.56MB, 319 pp. -  10.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- V/V/V - 1355x

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Daphnis (2010/5/25)

PMLP27866-Berlioz - Les Troyens - Part II - Troyens à Carthage (orch. score).pdf
Editor:

First edition

Publisher Info.:

Paris: Choudens, n.d.(1885), Plate A.C. 6030

Reprinted:

New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d. (ca.1970). Catalog 516.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Contains many cuts and interpolations from Acts III–V of Les Troyens, too numerous to mention here; please refer to the discussion page.
Note: Act III is renamed as “Act I”; only the second tableau of Act IV is included as “Act II”; the first tableau of Act V comprises “Act III”, and the remainder of the Act becomes “Act IV”.

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Prélude à Les Troyens à Carthage (from Act III)

 Complete Score
#11359 - 0.59MB, 13 (ins, #137–48) pp. -  8.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- V/V/V* - 841x

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Daphnis (2007/8/5)

Berlioz - Troyens a Carthage.pdf
Editor:

Charles Malherbe (1853–1911)
Felix Weingartner (1863–1942)

Publisher Info.:

Hector Berlioz Werke, Serie II, Band 5.
Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1900–07. Plate H.B. 14

Reprinted:

Mineola: Dover Publications, 1995.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

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 Complete Score (EU)
#109393 - 0.60MB, 10 pp. -  10.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- C*/66/V* - 476x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/16)

Editor:

Hugh Macdonald (1940*)

Publisher Info.:

Hector Berlioz: New Edition of the Complete Works, vol.2c (pp.792-801).
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1970. Plate BA 5442 (issued 1970)

URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
Please obey the copyright laws of your country. IMSLP does not assume any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country.

Copyright:

Public Domain - Non-PD US [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

600 dpi

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Marche troyenne, H 133 B

 Complete Score
#58511 - 9.73MB, 32 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V* - 1138x

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Daphnis (2010/3/8)

PMLP120003-Berlioz - Marche troyenne.pdf
Editor:

Charles Malherbe (1853–1911)
Felix Weingartner (1863–1942)

Publisher Info.:

Hector Berlioz Werke, Serie II, Band 6.
Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1900–07. Plate H.B. 22

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Concert arrangement of music from H 133 A, Act I

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 Complete Score (EU)
#109394 - 1.80MB, 30 pp. -  2.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- C*/66/V* - 389x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/16)

Editor:

Hugh Macdonald (1940*)

Publisher Info.:

Hector Berlioz: New Edition of the Complete Works, vol.2c (pp.803-32).
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1970. Plate BA 5442 (issued 1970)

URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
Please obey the copyright laws of your country. IMSLP does not assume any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country.

Copyright:

Public Domain - Non-PD US [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

600 dpi

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Chasse royale et Orage, “concert version”

 Complete Score (EU)
#109392 - 2.19MB, 34 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- C*/66/V* - 895x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/16)

Editor:

Hugh Macdonald (1940*)

Publisher Info.:

Hector Berlioz: New Edition of the Complete Works, vol.2c (pp.841-74).
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1970. Plate BA 5442 (issued 1970)

URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
Please obey the copyright laws of your country. IMSLP does not assume any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country.

Copyright:

Public Domain - Non-PD US [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Berlioz’s 1863 re-orchestration for the smaller Théâtre-Lyrique forces: original Choudens parts also available.
600 dpi

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Original Act V Finale

 Complete Score (EU)
#109395 - 2.41MB, 40 pp. -  8.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- C*/66/V* - 562x

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Madcapellan (2011/7/16)

Editor:

Hugh Macdonald (1940*)

Publisher Info.:

Hector Berlioz: New Edition of the Complete Works, vol.2c (pp.889-928).
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1970. Plate BA 5442 (issued 1970)

URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
Please obey the copyright laws of your country. IMSLP does not assume any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country.

Copyright:

Public Domain - Non-PD US [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

600 dpi

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Parts

Chasse royale et Orage (Royal Hunt and Storm, from Act IV), “concert version”

 Flute 1/2, Piccolo
#50235 - 0.53MB, 9 (6, 3) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 395x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Oboe 1/2
#50236 - 0.31MB, 5 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 261x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Clarinet 1/2 (in B)
#50237 - 0.33MB, 5 pp. -  8.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- V/V/V - 297x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Bassoon 1/2
#50238 - 0.27MB, 4 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 223x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Horn 1/2, 3/4 (in C)
#50239 - 0.31MB, 5 (3, 2) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 431x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Trumpet 1/2 (in E)
Cornet 1/2 (in B)

#50240 - 0.33MB, 5 (2, 3) pp. -  8.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (2- V/V/V - 424x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Trombone 1/2, 3, Tuba (or Ophicleïde)
#50241 - 0.25MB, 4 (2, 1, 1) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 545x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Timpani (C, G, D), Bass Drum, Offstage Timpani 1/2
#50242 - 0.17MB, 4 (2, 1, 1) pp. -  6.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- V/V/V - 346x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Violins I, II
#50243 - 0.48MB, 7 (4, 3) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 450x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Violas
#50244 - 0.20MB, 3 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 240x

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KGill (2009/12/24)

 Cellos/Basses
#26239 - 0.31MB, 4 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 318x

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Generoso (2009/1/4)

PMLP27866-Berlioz-TroyensHuntStorm.Flute.pdf
Publisher Info.:

Paris: Choudens, n.d.(1866). Plate A.C. 2057.

Reprinted:

New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(after 1933).

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

These files are part of the Orchestra Parts Project.
This orchestration represents the reduction of the full score (H 133 A) forced upon Berlioz by the 1863 Théâtre-Lyrique performance.

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Vocal Scores

Complete

 Complete Score
#98121 - 22.61MB, 456 pp. -  4.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (5- V/V/V - 3279x

PDF scanned by UNC
Massenetique (2011/4/3)

PMLP27866-Berlioz - Les Troyens CompleteVS.pdf
Publisher Info.:

Paris: Choudens, (after 1889). Plates A.C. 987–988.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Re-issue (post–1889) of the first edition vocal score, with a table and appendix of the cuts in Acts III–V authorised by the composer. Pagination = ix, 444, iii

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“Part I” – La prise de Troie

 Acts I, II (color)
#89051 - 16.60MB, 259 (257) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 672x

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Carolus (2011/1/2)

 Acts I, II (monochrome)
#27406 - 8.96MB, 258 pp. -  8.7/10 2 4 6 8 10 (3- V/V/V - 1197x

PDF scanned by US-R
Daphnis (2009/1/28)

 Acts I, II (monochrome)
#335956 - 13.74MB, 263 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 31x

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Afp0815 (2014/7/24)

 Color Cover
#335957 - 0.83MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 17x

PDF scanned by US-R
Afp0815 (2014/7/24)

Arranger:

Louis Narici (1858–1935), piano reduction

Editor:

2nd edition

Language:

French

Publisher Info.:

Paris: Choudens, n.d.(ca.1892, released 1899). Plate A.C. 11,312.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Bookmarked by Act.
Note: The original Act I is here split into “Acts I and II”; the two tableaux of Act II now are made into “Act III”, however the second of these is mysteriously split into two tableaux! View UNC scan at archive.org
#335956/57 This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project.

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“Part II” – Les Troyens à Carthage

 Prélude, Marche troyenne, Acts III, IV and V
#88874 - 18.26MB, 277 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 697x

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Carolus (2010/12/30)

 Prélude, Marche troyenne, Acts III, IV and V
#20310 - 16.51MB, 272 pp. -  8.7/10 2 4 6 8 10 (3- V/V/V - 1208x

PDF scanned by Unknown
Ottaviano (2008/8/4)

Editor:

First edition

Publisher Info.:

Paris: Choudens, n.d. (ca.1863). Plate A.C. 988.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

This reprint of Berlioz’s privately published 1862 vocal score of Les troyens reflects the 1863 performance, which consisted of only half of the opera, and was thus entitled Les Troyens à Carthage. It lacks Acts I and II; it includes the Prélude and a prologue incorporating the Marche troyenne, which were composed to cover the omission of those acts. There are three further cuts in this score, in Acts IV and V: the Act IV duet of Anna and Narbal; the Act V duet of two Trojan soldiers, and the confrontation between Énée and Didon at the end of the same tableau.
Note: Act III is renamed as “Act I”; the two tableaux of Act IV become “Acts II and III” respectively; the first tableau of Act V is renamed as “Act IV”, and the remainder of the Act remains as “Act V”. View UNC scan at archive.org

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 Complete Score
#88879 - 21.16MB, 358 (v, 353) pp. -  6.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- V/V/V - 916x

PDF scanned by Univ. Toronto
Carolus (2010/12/30)

 Prèlude & Act I
#86464 - 20.36MB, 123 (ii, 121) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 478x

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Carolus (2010/12/4)

 Act II
#86465 - 17.70MB, 109 (122–230) pp. -  8.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1- V/V/V - 509x

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Carolus (2010/12/4)

 Act III
#86466 - 10.97MB, 71 (231–301) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 582x

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Carolus (2010/12/4)

 Act IV
#86467 - 8.08MB, 52 (302–353) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 970x

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Carolus (2010/12/4)

Arranger:

Louis Narici (1858–1935), piano reduction

Publisher Info.:

Paris: Choudens, n.d.(1892). Plate A.C. 11,258.

Reprinted:

New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(after 1960). - #86464-67

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

*Note: Act III is renamed as “Act I”; only the second tableau of Act IV is included as “Act II”; the first tableau of Act V comprises “Act III”, and the remainder of the Act becomes “Act IV”.

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Selections: The Fall of Troy

 Complete Score
#64054 - 5.39MB, 86 (vii, 79) pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 447x

PDF scanned by Google
Carolus (2010/5/13)

PMLP27866-Berlioz-FallofTroyVSe.pdf
Arranger:

Theodore Thomas (1835-1905)

Language:

English

Translator:

A.W. Dohn (1836-ca.1910), English text

Publisher Info.:

New York: G. Schirmer, 1881.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Apparently printed for an 1882 festival performance in New York.

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Libretti

 Complete Libretto
#334946 - 0.36MB, 17 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 28x

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Afp0815 (2014/7/19)

 Color Cover
#334947 - 0.14MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0- V/V/V - 12x

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Afp0815 (2014/7/19)

SIBLEY1802.14226.cd94-39087009007974text.pdf
Arranger:

Frank V. Van der Stucken (1858-1929), adapted for use on the concert-stage

Language:

English

Translator:

Henry Edward Krehbiel (1854-1923), Introduction and English text

Publisher Info.:

New York: G. Schirmer, 1909.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project.

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General Information

Work Title Les Troyens
Alternative Title The Trojans, Grand Opera in 5 acts
Composer Berlioz, Hector
Opus/Catalogue Number H 133
Movements/Sections 5 acts
  • Acte Ier
1. Chœur. Après dix ans (Chœur de la Populace troyenne, 265 bars)
2. Récitatif et Air. Le Grecs ont disparu (Cassandre, 134 bars)
3. Duo. Quand Troie éclate (Cassandre, Chorèbe, 527 bars)
4. Marche et Hymne. Dieux protecteurs (Chœur, 130 bars)
5. Combat de Ceste — Pas de Lutteurs, 51 bars
6. Pantomime. Andromaque et son fils (Andromaque, Astyanax, Cassandre, Chœur, 93 bars)
7. Récit. Du peuple et des soldats (Énée, 82 bars)
8. Ottetto et Double Chœur. Châtiment effroyable
(Ascagne, Cassandre, Hécube, Énée, Helenus, Chorèbe, Panthée, Priam, Chœur, 85 bars)
9. Récitatif et Chœur. Que la déesse nous protège (Les mêmes, 40 bars)
10. Air. Non, je ne verrai pas (Cassandre, 99 bars)
11. Final: Marche Troyenne (Cassandre, Chœur, 244 bars)
  • Acte IIème, 1er Tableau
12. Scène et Récitatif. O lumière de Troie! (Ascagne, Énee, l’Ombre d’Hector, 142 bars)
13. Récitatif et Chœur. Quelle espérance encore
(Ascagne, Énee, Chorèbe, Panthée, Chœur de Soldats troyens, 159 bars)
  • Acte IIème, 2ème Tableau
14. Chœur–Prière. Puissante Cybèle (Chœur de Troyennes, 56 bars)
15. Récitatif et Chœur. Tous ne périront pas (Cassandre, Chœur, 82 bars)
16. Final. Complices de sa gloire (Les mêmes, un Chef Grec, Chœur de Grecs, 293 bars)
  • Acte IIIème
17. Chœur. De Carthage les cieux (Chœur du Peuple carthaginois, 39 bars)
18. Chant National. Gloire à Didon (Les mêmes, 35 bars)
19. Récitatif et Air. Nous avons vu finir (Didon, les mêmes, 154 bars)
20. Entrée des Constructeurs, 31 bars
21. Entrée des Matelots, 45 bars
22. Entrée des Laboureurs, 39 bars
23. Récitatif et Chœur. Peuple! tous les honneurs (Didon, Chœur, 69 bars)
24. Duo. Les chants joyeux (Didon, Anna, 184 bars)
25. Récitatif et Air. Échappés à grand’peine (Iopas, Didon, 55 bars)
26. Marche Troyenne (Dans le Mode Triste). J’éprouve une soudaine (Didon, 64 bars)
27. Récitatif. Auguste Reine (Ascagne, Didon, Panthée, 68 bars)
28. Final. J’ose à peine annoncer
(Ascagne, Didon, Anna, Iopas, Énée, Narbal, Panthée, Chœur, 415 bars)
  • Acte IVème, 1er Tableau
29. Chasse Royale et Orage — Pantomime. Ao ao... Italie!
(Chœur de Nymphes, Sylvains, Faunes, 351 bars)
  • Acte IVème, 2ème Tableau
30. Récitatif. Dites, Narbal (Anna, Narbal, 78 bars)
31. Air et Duo. De quels revers (Les mêmes, 90 bars)
32. Marche pour l’Entrée de la Reine, 27 bars
33. Ballets
a) Pas des Almées, 56 bars
b) Danse des Esclaves, 124 bars
c) Pas d’Esclaves Nubiennes, 104 bars
34. Scène et Chant d’Iopas, Assez, ma sœur (Didon, Iopas, 109 bars)
35. Récitatif et Quintette. Pardonne, Iopas
(Didon, Anna, Énée, Iopas, Narbal, 26+102 bars)
36. Récitatif et Septuor. Mais bannissons
(Ascagne, Didon, Anna, Énée, Iopas, Narbal, Panthée, Chœur, 8+58 bars)
37. Duo. Nuit d’ivresse (Didon, Énée; Mercure, 147 bars)
  • Acte Vème, 1er Tableau
38. Chanson d’Hylas. Vallon sonore (Hylas, 2 Sentinelles, 186 bars)
39. Récitatif et Chœur. Préparez tout (Panthée, Chefs troyens, 114 bars)
40. Duo. Par Bacchus (2 Sentinelles, 70 bars)
41. Récitatif mesuré et Air. Inutiles regrets (Énée, 97+158 bars)
42. Scène. Énée! (Énée, le Spectre de Cassandre, le Spectre d’Hector, le Spectre de Chorèbe, le Spectre de Priam, Chœur d’Ombres Invisibles, 33 bars)
43. Scène et Chœur. Debout, Troyens! (Énée, Chœur, 118 bars)
44. Duo et Chœu. Errante sur tes pas (Didon, Énée, Chœurr, 202 bars)
  • Acte Vème, 2ème Tableau
45. Scène. Va, ma sœur (Didon, Anna, 68 bars)
46. Scène. En mer, voyez! (Didon, Iopas, Chœur, 125 bars)
47. Monologue. Je vais mourir (Didon, 55 bars)
48. Air. Adieu, fière cité (Didon, 42 bars)
  • Acte Vème, 3ème Tableau
49. Cérémonie Funèbre. Dieux de l’oubli (Anna, Narbal, Chœur de Prêtres de Pluton, 75 bars)
50. Scène. Pluton semble (Didon, 62 bars)
51. Chœur. Au secours! (Didon, Anna, Narbal, Chœur, 42 bars)
52. Imprécation. Rome! Rome! (Les mêmes, 38 bars)
Year/Date of Composition 1856–58, with additions 1859–60, 1863 A
1864 (Marche troyenne) B
First Performance 1859 (excerpts from Acts I & IV)
1863 (Acts III–V, staged)
1879 (Acts I–II, in concert)
1890 (complete)
First Publication 1863 (vocal score)
1885 (abridged full score)
1969 (complete full score)
Librettist the composer, after Virgil’s Aeneid, Book II and IV
Language French
Dedication à Princess Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein (1819–87)
Average Duration 4 hours
Piece Style Romantic
Instrumentation Voices, Chorus and Orchestra
Personnages (major roles)
Cassandre (mezzo-soprano), prophétesse troyenne, fille de Priam et fiancée de Chorèbe
Didon (mezzo-soprano), reine de Carthage, veuve de Sichée prince de Tyr
Anna (contralto), sœur de Didon
Énée (ténor), héros troyen, fils de Venus et d’Anchise
Chorèbe (baryton), jeune prince d’Asie, fiancé de Cassandre
Ascagne (soprano), jeune fils d’Énée (15 ans)
Panthée (basse), prêtre troyen, ami d’Énée
Iopas (ténor), poète tyrien de la cour de Didon
Narbal (basse), ministre de Didon
Coryphées
Polyxène (soprano), sœur de Cassandre
Hécube (soprano), reine des Troyens
Priam (basse), roi des Troyens
Hélénus (ténor), prêtre troyen, fils de Priam
L’Ombre d’Hector (basse), héros troyen, fils de Priam
Hylas (ténor ou contralto), jeune matelot phrygien
Un Chef Grec (basse)
Deux Soldats Troyens (basses)
Le Dieu Mercure (baryton ou basse)
Un Prêtre de Pluton (basse)
Personnages muets (silent)
Andromaque, veuve d’Hector
Asyanax, son fils (8 ans)
Chœurs (mixed chorus)
Troyens, Grecs, Tyriens, et Carthaginois
Nymphes, Satyres, Faunes et Sylvaines
Ombres Invisibles (Il faut une certaine de choristes surnuméraires)
Orchestra
Piccolo, 2 Flutes (2nd also Piccolo), 5 Oboes (3rd also English Horn),
2 Clarinets (2nd also Bass Clarinet), 4 Bassoons
4 Horns, 2 Trumpets, 2 Cornets, 6 Trombones, Ophicleïde (or Tuba)
Saxhorns: Sopranino, 2 Soprano, 2 Alto, 2 Tenor, 2 Contrabass
Timpani, Triangle, Bass Drum, Mutiple Cymbals, Tambourine, Tarbuka, Tam-Tam,
Crotales, 6–8 Harps, Strings
External Links Wikipedia article
Libretto (Hector Berlioz Website)
Hector Berlioz website – online scores (Scorch format)
Excerpts from the opera
Marche troyenne


Misc. Comments

Conceived as a grand opera in five acts and composed between 1856 and 1858, the work was refused by the Paris Opéra. Berlioz conducted some excerpts at the casino in Baden-Baden, in the Salon de Conversation on 29 August 1859, which included the duets for Cassandre and Chorèbe from Act I, and the duet Nuit d’ivresse for Didon and Énée from Act IV, sung by Pauline Viardot and Jules Lefort.

The compromises forced upon Berlioz to allow half of the work to be performed in 1863 at the much smaller Théâtre-Lyrique led him to divide the work into two parts, La prise de Troie (The capture of Troy), and Les Troyens à Carthage (The Trojans in Carthage), with a new Prélude à Les Troyens à Carthage composed in 1863 as an overture to the second part, along with a short prologue reworking excerpts from Acts I and II such as the Marche troyenne, which is a recasting of the Act I finale, and subsequently arranged in a concert version early in 1864; the second part was also shorn of the ballet music composed in 1859–60, and the remainder underwent further cuts owing to the difficulties of staging (e.g. the Chasse royale et orage, or Royal Hunt and Storm, was heard only on the opening night).

Les Troyens à Carthage, was premiéred at the Théâtre-Lyrique, Paris, on 4 November 1863, conducted by Adolphe Deloffre.
La prise de Troie was first performed in concert versions in Paris, by Pasdeloup at the Cirque d’Hiver and Colonne at the Théâtre du Châtelet on the same day, 7 December 1879, and first staged as an opera in Karlsruhe, Germany, by Felix Mottl on 6 December 1890 (with Les Troyens à Carthage presented on the following night).

Performances of the complete opera Les Troyens in five acts as Berlioz intended, did not occur until the 20th century, and the first complete performance in Paris only occurred as lately as 11 October 2003 at the Théâtre du Châtelet.


Publication History

  • 1862: Publication of complete Piano-Vocal Score by means of private subscription by Berlioz through the printer Thierry. Five copies and 3 proof copies extant.
  • 1863: As Léon Carvalho was unable to stage the entire opera, Berlioz modified it to allow it to be staged as two operas; thus Antoine Choudens reprinted the 1862 publication in two volumes, A.C. 987 (La Prise de Troie) and A.C. 988 (Les Troyens à Carthage), adding to the latter the newly composed material for the 1863 performance. Both went on sale but as the run of performances had increasing numbers of cuts made, Choudens similarly trimmed the latter Vocal Score to match. Later reissued after 1889 in one volume.
  • 1885: Choudens published full score of Les Troyens à Carthage (plate A.C 6030).
  • 1892: Choudens printed a new edition of the vocal scores, incorporating a new piano reduction by Louis Narici: A.C. 11,258 (Les Troyens [à Carthage]) and A.C. 11,312 (La Prise de Troie), the latter score may have been released somewhat later (the Variations project copy includes a list of artists involved in Taffanel’s 1899 performance).
  • 1899: Choudens issued a full score of La Prise de Troie to coincide with a performance staged in Paris on 15 November 1899. (plate A.C. 11,222)
  • Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, n.d., as part of Hector Berlioz Werke (1900–07), Supplement, Band XXII–XXIII, edited by Charles Malherbe and Felix Weingartner. Apparently a reprint of the Choudens full score with minimal editorial reworking; reprinted in the Kalmus Miniature Score series.
  • Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1969–70, BA 5442/I–III, as part of New Berlioz Edition (1967–2005), Volume 2a (Acts I, II), 2b (Acts III–V), 2c (Supplement), edited by Hugh Macdonald. First complete full score.
Vocal score, BA 5442a, with German translation by Simon Werle, and piano reduction by Eike Wernhard after Berlioz’s vocal score.


Compositions and Literary Works by Hector Berlioz
Operas

Les francs-juges, H 23 · Benvenuto Cellini, H 76 · Les Troyens, H 133 · Béatrice et Bénédict, H 138

Symphonies

Symphonie fantastique, H 48 · Harold en Italie, H 68 · Roméo et Juliette, H 79 · Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale, H 80

Concert Overtures

Grande ouverture de Waverley, H 26 · Grande ouverture du Roi Lear, H 53 · Intrata di Rob-Roy MacGregor, H 54 · Le carnaval romain, H 95 · Le Corsaire, H 101

Liturgical works

Messe solennelle, H 20 · Grande messe des morts, H 75 · Te Deum, H 118

Other choral works

Lélio, ou le retour à la vie, H 55 · La damnation de Faust, H 111 · Tristia, H 119 · Vox populi, H 120 · L’enfance du Christ, H 130

Songs and cantatas

Herminie, H 29 · Cléopâtre, H 36 · Irlande, H 38 · Les nuits d’été, H 81 · Feuillets d’album, H 121 · Fleurs des landes, H 124

Writings

Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes · Les Soirées de l’Orchestre · Les Grotesques de la Musique · À Travers Chants · Mémoires

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