Gott ist mein König, BWV 71 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

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Performances

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Synthesized/MIDI

Arioso: Tag und Nacht ist dein (No.4)

For Trumpet and Organ (Rondeau)

MP3 file (audio)
Michrond (2015/12/18)

Performers MIDI
Publisher Info. Michel Rondeau
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Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.
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Sheet Music

Full Scores

PDF scanned by Bach Digital
Ivdruiz (2011/6/6)

Publisher. Info. Holograph manuscript, n.d.[1708].
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PMLP149572-BWV 71.pdf

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Feldmahler (2006/8/08)

Editor Wilhelm Rust (1822–1892)
Publisher. Info. Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Band 18
Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1870. Plate B.W. XVIII.
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BWV0071.pdf

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Peter (2007/6/18)

Copyist Hermann Kretzschmar (1848–1924)
Publisher. Info. Composer's manuscript, n.d.[1708].
Reprinted Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, n.d.(1895). Plate B.W. XLIV
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Bach - BGA - BWV 71 manuscript.pdf

Vocal Scores

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Carolus (2011/1/29)

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Carolus (2011/1/29)

Arranger Bernhard Todt (1822-1907), piano reduction
Language German
Publisher. Info. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1892. Plate J.S.B. I.71
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Misc. Notes This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project.
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SIBLEY1802.13928.2e10-39087011354455score.pdf

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Perlnerd666 (2008/11/9)

Arranger Bernhard Todt (1822-1907), piano reduction
Language German / English
Publisher. Info. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1892. Plate J.S.B. I.71
Reprinted New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70).
English text added, score re-formatted to 40 pages from 32.
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Misc. Notes Vocal Scores based on Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe
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PMLP03847-bwv071.pdf

Arrangements and Transcriptions

Aria with chorale: Soll ich auf dieser Welt (No.2)

For Organ solo (Bækgaard)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

Arranger Peter Bækgaard
Publisher. Info. Peter Bækgaard
Copyright
Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection, and are also included in the Peter Bækgaard Collection.
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WIMA.45d4-sollicha.pdf

Arioso: Tag und Nacht ist dein (No.4)

For Trumpet and Organ (Rondeau)

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Michrond (2015/12/18)

ZIP typeset by arranger
Michrond (2015/12/18)

Arranger Michel Rondeau
Publisher. Info. Michel Rondeau
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PMLP149572-BacBWV71a4ALL.pdf
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General Information

Work Title Gott ist mein König
Alternative. Title God is my King
Composer Bach, Johann Sebastian
Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No. BWV 71
Key D major
Movements/SectionsMov'ts/Sec's 7 movements
  1. Tutti: Gott ist mein König (D major)
  2. Air (Soprano, Tenor): Ich bin nun achtzig Jahr (F minor)
  3. Fuga: Dein Alter sei wie deine Jugend (B minor)
  4. Arioso (Bass): Tag und Nacht ist dein (F major)
  5. Air (Alto) : Durch mächtige Kraft (D major)
  6. [Chorus]: Du wollest dem Feinde nicht geben (D minor)
  7. Tutti: Das neue Regiment (D major)
Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp. 1708
First Performance. 1708-02-04 in Mühlhausen
First Publication. 1708 (parts) ; 1870 (BGA) (score)
Librettist Georg Christian Eilmar (1665-1715)
Language German
Average DurationAvg. Duration 20 minutes
Composer Time PeriodComp. Period Baroque
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Vocal: soprano, alto, tenor, bass, mixed chorus (SATB)
Orchestra: 2 recorders, 2 oboes, bassoon, 3 trumpets, timpani, strings (+solo cello), continuo
External Links Wikipedia article
Bach-Cantatas.com


Misc. Comments

For the 1708 Council Election at Mühlhausen.
As it was traditional for the election cantatas at Mühlhausen to be published, this is the music of the earliest publication of Bach's music.

The problem with trying to figure out the Key and the Keys of the various movements is that there are too many different keys used in the written and published parts: The Trumpets, the Timpani, the Violins, the Viola, the Violon, the Voices, and the Organ are written in for D instruments (that is, D Trumpets, D-transposed Voices, Violon, Timpani, Violins, Viola, and Organ), while the recorders are written in A (with no change of Key signature [one flat]) and the other instruments (the Oboes and the Basson) in concert pitch (D with 2 sharps, no transposition). This is probably why the BGA score forgoes all these problems and uses C as the main pitch (and also why it is usually thus performed in that key). BachFan 16:42, 18 December 2015 (EST)

Commentary on the movements

  1. Tutti: Gott ist mein König. Bach here divides the ensemble into five parts to make a highly variegated and heterogeneous sound. The movement is highly festive. D major
  2. Air (Soprano, Tenor): Ich bin nun achtzig Jahr. The organ here provides some obbligato. F minor
  3. Chorus (Fuga): Dein Alter sei wie deine Jugend. A very early permutation fugue of Bach's. For chorus with only Organ accompaniment. B minor
  4. Arioso (Bass): Tag und Nacht ist dein. A da capo aria; however, the music sounds more like Schütz than later Bach. F major
  5. Air (Alto) : Durch mächtige Kraft. A brief solo with plentiful interjections from the trumpets. D major
  6. [Chorus]: Du wollest dem Feinde nicht geben. The bassoon has an interestingly independent line here. The ending of this movement in particular is notable. D minor
  7. Tutti: Das neue Regiment. A motet-like, festive final chorus. D major

Print Sources Consulted

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach