Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn, BWV 23 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

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Full Scores

 Complete Score
#00911 - 2.81MB, 32 pp. -  8.4/10 2 4 6 8 10 (5) - V/V/V - 3017x

PDF scanned by Unknown
Feldmahler (2006/5/18)

BWV0023.pdf
Editor:

Wilhelm Rust (1822–1892)

Publisher Info.:

Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Band 5 (pp.93-124)
Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1855. Plate B.W. V.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

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Vocal Scores

 Complete Score
#24189 - 1.66MB, 28 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - V/V/V - 1234x

PDF scanned by bh2000
Perlnerd666 (2008/11/9)

PMLP03277-bwv023.pdf
Arranger:

Bernhard Todt (1822–1907), piano reduction

Language:

German

Publisher Info.:

Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, n.d.(1891). Plate J.S.B. I.23

Reprinted:

New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(after 1933).

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Based on the Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe

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Books

 Complete Book, with score examples
#93602 - 5.19MB, 160 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 264x

PDF typeset by Antonio Armendáriz
Antonio Armendáriz (2011/2/21)

PMLP149219-CANTATA BWV 023 - J.S.BACH - 2ª EDICION - TEXTOS Y PARTITURAS.pdf
Editor:

Antonio Armendáriz (2nd edition)

Language:

German / Spanish / French / English

Publisher Info.:

Lodosa: Antonio Armendáriz Navarro

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Textos complementarios sobre esta obra en cuatro idiomas (alemán, español, francés e inglés). Parituras de muy alta calidad, con textos en español y latín

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General Information

Work Title Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn
Alternative Title You true God and son of David
Composer Bach, Johann Sebastian
Opus/Catalogue Number BWV 23, BC A 47 (a-c)
Movements/Sections 3, rev. 4 sections
  1. Aria (Duet, Soprano, Alto): Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn (B minor)
  2. Recitativo (Tenor): Ach! gehe nicht vorüber (G major-D major)
  3. Chor: Aller Augen warten, Herr (D major)
  4. Choral: Christe, du Lamm Gottes (F minor-B minor) (from 1723 on)
Year/Date of Composition 1722; rev. 1723 and 1728/1731
First Performance : BC A 47a never performed.
1.) BC A 47b 1723-02-07 in Thomaskirche Leipzig (after Sermon; 2nd test piece for post of Thomaskantor and Directoris Chori musici Leipzig; in B minor with/without Brass instruments; Oboes d'Amore used instead of Oboes; Movement 4 added)
2.) BC A 47b 1724-02-20 in Thomaskirche Leipzig (after Sermon; repeat of version above; with Brass instruments)
3.) BC A 47c 1728/1731 (date uncertain) in Leipzig (in C minor; No Brass Instruments; Vocal parts revised)
First Publication 1855 (BGA)
Librettist anonymous
Language German
Average Duration 20 minutes
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Vocal — Soloists (SAT), Chorus (SATB)
Orchestra — 2 Oboes/Oboes d'Amore, Cornett, 3 Trombones, Strings, BC
External Links Wikipedia article
Bach-Cantatas.com


Misc. Comments

For Quinquagesima Sunday (Estomihi). This was one of Bach's two audition cantatas for Leipzig.

Commentary on the movements

  1. Aria (Duet, Soprano, Alto): Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn. The opening with two oboes and continuo is comparable to the opening of the b minor mass. The chromatic texture in this movement is impressively expressive.
  2. Recitativo (Tenor): Ach! gehe nicht vorüber. An accompanied recitative, wtih much word painting, including the pleading of the blind man.
  3. Chor: Aller Augen warten, Herr. A dance-like movement in 3/4. "The declamation in the refrain bars, especially in the upper parts, is faultless"1.
  4. Choral: Christe, du Lamm Gottes. An "intense" chorale setting, supported by independent instrumental lines.

Version History

  1. Three movement version (Cöthen). Originally in a different key scheme (up a half-step).
  2. Leipzig version for his audition, with the chorale, which is presumed to be a parody or older composition.
  3. Revival on February 20, 1724, adding the Cornett and Trombones.
  4. Additional version, now lost, with oboes and not d'amores,and no trombones.

Print Sources Consulted

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach
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