Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn, BWV 23 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

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Choral: Christe, du Lamm Gottes (No.4)

For Trumpet and Organ (Rondeau)

MP3 file (audio)
Michrond (2015/10/21)

Performers MIDI
Publisher Info. Michel Rondeau
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Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.
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Sheet Music

Full Scores

PDF scanned by Bach Digital
Jun T (2015/2/21)

Publisher. Info. Holograph manuscript, n.d.(ca.1722)
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Misc. Notes D-B Mus. ms. Bach P 69; This is the autograph score of the first version (BC A 47a) without 4th movement.
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PDF scanned by Unknown
Feldmahler (2006/5/18)

Editor Wilhelm Rust (1822–1892)
Publisher. Info. Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Band 5 (pp.93-124)
Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1855. Plate B.W. V.
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BWV0023.pdf

Vocal Scores

PDF scanned by bh2000
Perlnerd666 (2008/11/9)

Arranger Bernhard Todt (1822–1907), piano reduction
Language German
Publisher. Info. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, n.d.(1891). Plate J. S. B. I.23.
Reprinted New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70).
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Misc. Notes Based on the Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe
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PMLP03277-bwv023.pdf

PDF scanned by RUS-Mrg
Schalltrichter (2016/12/1)

Arranger Bernhard Todt (1822-1907), piano reduction
Language Russian
Translator Mariya Avgustova Davydova (1863-19??), Russian text
Publisher. Info. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, n.d.(ca.1900).
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Bach 23 rus cv.jpg

Arrangements and Transcriptions

Choral: Christe, du Lamm Gottes (No.4)

For Trumpet and Organ (Rondeau)

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Michrond (2015/10/21)

ZIP typeset by arranger
Michrond (2015/10/21)

Arranger Michel Rondeau
Publisher. Info. Michel Rondeau
Copyright
Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.
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PMLP149219-BacBWV23c4ALL.pdf

Other

PDF typeset by Antonio Armendá...
Antonio Armendá... (2011/2/21)

Editor Antonio Armendáriz (2nd edition)
Language German / Spanish / French / English
Publisher. Info. Lodosa: Antonio Armendáriz Navarro
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Misc. Notes Textos complementarios sobre esta obra en cuatro idiomas (alemán, español, francés e inglés). Parituras de muy alta calidad, con textos en español y latín
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PMLP149219-CANTATA BWV 023 - J.S.BACH - 2ª EDICION - TEXTOS Y PARTITURAS.pdf
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General Information

Work Title Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn
Alternative. Title You true God and son of David
Composer Bach, Johann Sebastian
Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No. BWV 23 ; BC A 47 (a-c)
Movements/SectionsMov'ts/Sec's 3, rev. 4 sections
  1. Aria (Duet, Soprano, Alto): Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn (C minor),
    Version II (1723-24, B minor)
  2. Recitativo (Tenor): Ach! gehe nicht vorüber (E-flat major)
    Version II (G major)
  3. Chor: Aller Augen warten, Herr (B-flat major)
    Version II (D major)
  4. Choral: Christe, du Lamm Gottes (F-sharp minor)
    Version II (F-sharp minor)
    Version III (G minor)
Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp. 1722; rev.1723-24 and 1728/1731
First Performance. 1723-02-07 in Leipzig, Thomaskirche
First Publication. 1855 (BGA)
Librettist anonymous
Language German
Dedication Quinquagesima Sunday (Estomihi)
Average DurationAvg. Duration 20 minutes
Composer Time PeriodComp. Period Baroque
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Vocal: soprano, alto, tenor, mixed chorus (SATB)
Orchestra: 2 oboes/oboes d'amore, cornett, 3 trombones, strings, continuo
External Links Wikipedia article
Bach-Cantatas.com
Extra Information BC A 47a was never performed.
BC A 47b was performed on the date above (after Sermon; 2nd test piece for post of Thomaskantor and Directoris Chori musici Leipzig; in B minor with/without Brass instruments; oboes d'amore used instead of oboes; Movement 4 added)
BC A 47b 1724-02-20 in Thomaskirche (after Sermon; repeat of version above; with Brass instruments)
BC A 47c 1728/1731, date uncertain in Leipzig (in C minor; no brass Instruments; vocal parts revised)

Misc. Comments

This was one of Bach's two audition cantatas for Leipzig.

Commentary on the movements

  1. Aria (Duet, Soprano, Alto): Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn. The opening with two oboes and continuo is comparable to the opening of the b minor mass. The chromatic texture in this movement is impressively expressive.
  2. Recitativo (Tenor): Ach! gehe nicht vorüber. An accompanied recitative, wtih much word painting, including the pleading of the blind man.
  3. Chor: Aller Augen warten, Herr. A dance-like movement in 3/4. "The declamation in the refrain bars, especially in the upper parts, is faultless"1.
  4. Choral: Christe, du Lamm Gottes. An "intense" chorale setting, supported by independent instrumental lines.

Version History

  1. Three movement version (Cöthen). Originally in a different key scheme (up a half-step).
  2. Leipzig version for his audition, with the chorale, which is presumed to be a parody or older composition.
  3. Revival on February 20, 1724, adding the Cornett and Trombones.
  4. Additional version, now lost, with oboes and not d'amores,and no trombones.

Print Sources Consulted

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach