Ave maris stella (Victoria, Tomás Luis de)
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Felipe Pedrell (1841–1922)
Published in 1581 in Hymni totius anni. Setting of even verses only (plainsong of verses 3, 5, and 7 omitted; see Alvarez edition below).
Published in 1581, polyphonic setting of even verses only (with all odd verses as plainsong).
|Work Title||Ave, maris stella|
|Alternative Title||Hymnus in festis Beatæ Mariæ Virginis|
|Composer||Victoria, Tomás Luis de|
|First Publication||1581 in Hymni totius anni (No.15; even verses)|
Also published 1600 in Missae, Magnificat, motecta, psalmi, & alia… (No.28)
|Librettist||attrib. Bernard de Clairvaux (1090–1153)|
|Composer Time Period||Renaissance|
|Instrumentation||SATB voices (clefs: C1, C3, C4, F4)|
There is a seeming discrepancy in Victoria having published an even verse setting of the famous Marian hymn Ave maris stella in his 1581 Hymni totius anni, and then including it again identically in his 1600 Venetian hymn collection (1600b). According to Nancho Álvarez, the setting in the 1600a Madrid collection of his large multiple choir works consists of only a single even verse (Sumens illud ave); so why has Pedrell produced four different odd verses ascribed to one of the 1600 prints? It seems unlikely Victoria intended the two versions (if he even is responsible for the odd verses) to be sung together, all seven verses sung as polyphony. The table below indicates which scores include what musical material (since Pedrell omits plainsong).
|Verse||1581, Pedrell edition
|1581, Álvarez edition
|1600, Pedrell edition
|1600, Álvarez edition|
|1. Ave maris stella||plainsong||plainsong||SATB||not yet revised, Álvarez’s first version|
was identical to Pedrell edition
|2. Sumens illud ave||SATB||SATB||—|
|3. Solve vincla reis||—||plainsong||SATB|
|4. Monstra te esse matrem||SAT||SAT||—|
|5. Virgo singularis||—||plainsong||SAT|
|6. Vitam præsta puram||SATB||SATB||—|
|7. Sit laus Deo Patri||—||plainsong||SATB|
|Hymni totius anni by Tomás Luis de Victoria — 32 hymns for the church year|
1. Conditor alme siderum (Advent)
17. Aurea luce, et decore roseo (Feast of St Peter)